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Learn Texas Hold em Poker Rules

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Texas Hold em Introduction

Texas Hold em is the most popular of the poker variants. Most likely you would have already had a friendly game of it at some point.

Texas Hold em is the one where there are 5 community cards and a player gets 2 private (hole) cards and must make the best possible hand from the 7 cards. Ultimatley the winner is the person whose 2 cards make the best hand from the community cards.

There can be up to 10 players each hand, more than most poker games, and usually operates the lowest limit games in the cardroom.

Playing Texas Hold'Em

1. Blinds
The player to the left of the dealer must place a small blind (half minimum bet) and the next player to the left must place the big blind (minimum bet). After each hand the dealer (indicated by the dealer's button) moves one place to the left.

2. Cards Dealt
Beginning with the person left of the dealer everyone recieves 2 face down cards (one at a time).

3. 1st Betting Round
Based on their 2 cards players must then place their bets. Beginning with the player to the left of the two who posted the blinds. On their turn players can:

  • Call (match the current bet)
  • Raise (increase the bet)
  • Fold (give up & forfeit any bets placed)

This continues all round the table until all the players who wish to stay in the game have the same bets on the table.

There can be a maximum of 1 bet and 3 raises in each round of Texas Hold em betting.

4. The Flop (3 community cards)
After the first betting round, the dealer discards the top card of the deck (this is called burning the card) and is done to help prevent cheating.

The dealer then flips the next 3 cards face up on the table. These cards are called "the flop" and are commumity cards which can be used by all players (note there will be 5 community cards at the end of the game).

5. 2nd Betting Round
The player to the left of the dealer (the button). Begins another round of betting, during this and all future rounds of betting, on their turn players can:

  • Check (if no one has raised, the player can keep their bet as it is)
  • Call
  • Raise
  • Fold

This continues all round the table until all the players who wish to stay in the game have the same bets on the table.

6. The Turn (4th community card)
The dealer burns another card and plays one more face up card onto the table called the "Turn" (also referred as "Fourth Street").

7. 3rd Betting Round
As in stage 5, but the minimum raise is now increased to the higher limit.

8. The River (5th community card)
The dealer burns another card and plays the final community card, the "River" (also referred as "Fifth Street").

9. Final Betting Round & Winner
Players can now use any combination of seven cards, the 5 community cards and their 2 hole cards (known only to them) to form the best possible five-card Poker hand.

The 4th and final round of betting starts with the player to the left of the dealer (using the higher minimum limit). After the final betting round, all players who remain in the game reveal their hands. The first person to show their cards is the last person to bet or raise. The best hand wins the pot.

Examples

1.
Player's pocket cards
Community cards

The best hand is 3 of a kind (sevens).

2.
Player's pocket cards
Community cards

In this case, although the player can make a 3 of a kind using the sevens. The best hand is to simply use the community cards to make a flush (note that this option is also open to every other player).

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